painful purulent cavities in the surface layers of the skin - it boil.The size of the infectious outbreak is at an early stage of development of a pea, in the future can grow up walnut.Hairy area of skin exposed to friction are optimal for the introduction of the pathogen of the disease.
are the following stages of the boil:
content of the article:
- Infiltration stage
- Stage festering
- stages of healing
- Localization boil: danger zones
- Prevention of complications
first phase of the infection occurs after the introduction of the bacterial flora.Formation of focus accompanied by local redness.Location infection thickens the skin appears hill around the hair follicle.
Increased flow of lymph, cellular elements and tissue fluid causes bloating, pokalyvaniya.Dalneyshee boil ripening turns to dull the pain.Stretching in proportion to the phase of infiltration pain.
Stage festering boil
Increase to 3 cm occurs in 4 days.Center chirya pales.Accumulation of purulent necrotic tissue forms a plug.It has a surface pustule.Ulcer takes the form of a cone.The skin around the boil is smoothed and shiny.
noted a sharp rise in temperature to 39º C. Increase the amount of pus increases the symptoms of intoxication.Severe pain in the affected area is complemented by a headache.Weakness does not allow to climb out of bed.Physical indicators are down.
stages of healing
first step to recovery occurs after opening the pustules and pus eruptions on the surface.Removal of purulent wound rod ulcerate.It gradually cleared of pus.The body activates the regenerative capacity of the skin.The wound begins to scar.
Wound healing and scar formation depends on the location of the boil, the quality of treatment and the conditions of hygiene.Full recovery may take one and a half or two nedeli.Chtoby prevent sepsis, the first stage, in which the ripening abscess should go as quickly as possible.Chance to hit pus in the bloodstream increases when slow maturation chirya.
boil Localization: danger zones
entire surface of the human body except the palms and soles covered with hair.They may be small and unnoticeable.Where there are hair follicles, there is a possibility of infection.Boils in the initial stage appear randomly throughout the body covered with hair.
Nape, forearms, head, neck, face - the most vulnerable to the disease.Areas of the body with a thin skin and good blood supply and lymphatic mesh very dangerous for the formation of infiltration.
Boils can cause these pathologies:
- abscesses and abscesses;
- getting pus and necrotic tissue in the hearth vessels often cause thrombosis;
- to prevent complications, such as sepsis, need time to fight acne;
- degenerate into acne boils, carbuncles formed, causing a general infection of the blood;
- festering in the course of the location of the lymph nodes and vessels provoke inflammatory diseases of the lymphatic system;
- lymphangitis and lymphadenitis more severe and difficult to treat;
- abdominal wall, covered with boils, the projection can metastasize to the liver abscesses;
- if the infection penetrates into the kidney, the complications may be irreversible up to renal failure.
outcome of the disease is associated with literacy treat boil.Good therapeutic effect when applied topically has Dioksidin.Antibacterial drug at all stages of the disease is able to fight infection in the outbreak.The solution is on the napkin is applied to the affected skin or washed the wound.
self-medication, failure to comply with doctor's appointments lead to reinfection.The result is a repetition of all the stages of the disease in the approximate areas of skin or other body parts.Multiple boils worsen the situation and lead to furunculosis.
patient loses appetite dwindles, continuous temperature, suffers from ulcers, suppuration and lihoradki.Detsky abrasions or single boils faster.Stages of maturation in children occur in more severe and require combination therapy.
Prevention of complications
To avoid re-development of all stages of infectious necrotic process, carried out comprehensive measures for prevention of the disease:
- health food;
- hygienic measures;
- compliance with a stable temperature in the room;
- prevent contact with contaminated objects.
main healing factor is the psychological well-being and adequate immune protection.So after a full recovery is necessary to monitor the state of health.