Furuncle - acute purulent inflammation of soft tissues, most commonly occurring in practice hirurgii.Vinovnikami infectious lesions are usually staphylococci.They fall into the hair follicle and cause its inflammation, which in 3-4 days joins nagnoenie.Neudovletvoritelnaya personal hygiene, wounds and abrasions in the skin, vitamin deficiency, increased sweating, diabetes and other endocrine disorders - these and many other factors are often predisposingfurunkuleznyh the appearance of pustules.
Boils not only detracts from the appearance of man, but also represents a threat to their health and even their lives.Removing the boil is not a difficult task, provided a timely referral to a specialist.
content of the article:
- Nonsurgical treatment of boils
- Surgical removal boils
- Laser surgery-modern approach in the treatment of boils
- Removing boils at home
Nonsurgical treatment of boils
relation to local non-surgical treatment of boils doctors rather ambiguous.Some be
Futility local treatment, according to some surgeons, consists in the fact that even if an abscess and will reveal, the pyogenic capsule, which is a component of each boil, will remain in soft tissues, and thus acquire the status of a chronic infectious focus.As a result, symptoms boils away, but if there is a provoking factor (skin damage, pollution and so on. N.) Infection again will make itself felt.
Any point of view has a right to life.But in general, physicians agree that treatment selection depends on the location, and associated complications development stage furunkuleznyh elements.So, without operating methods successfully help to get rid of boils on the stage there is no septic manifestations.
Nonsurgical treatments include:
- The use of physiotherapy methods (UV irradiation in small doses, dry heat) for several days.Usually after a day reduced the size of the ulcer.
- injecting boil solutions antibacterial drugs in the novocaine.The procedure should be carried out 1-2 times a day.
- Overlaying "ichthyol cakes."A thick layer of pure ihtiola lubricate the boil, cover with cotton;after a while wash off with warm water.The procedure is repeated 1-2 times a day before the opening of the abscess.It is also possible to use other antiseptics: Vishnevsky ointment, Levomekol, ihtiolovaya ointment and so on. N.
- use of salicylic acid or salicylic crystalline sodium.The tool is applied liberally to the surface furunkuleznogo element and securely strengthen gauze bandage.
cast is removed after 1-2 days.During this time, in the center of the abscess is formed necrotic core, which almost immediately rejected.
Surgical removal boils
Removing boil advantageously carried out only after it is formed necrotic sterzhen.Pod surgical removal imply opening boil to separate pus and create conditions for its further outflow.Opening the abscess is performed under local anesthesia, which makes the operation almost painless for the patient.
Surgery involves the implementation of a small skin incision over the boils, which enables content to come out.After that, the doctor gently expands inlet cleans out remaining pus, remove the rod.The surgeon washes cavity using antiseptic agents (hydrogen peroxide, furatsilin, a solution of potassium permanganate) and enters therein an antibacterial agent in the dosage form of a gel, a powder or a slurry.The final stage of the operation -Setting drainage.The element is inserted into the cavity furunkuleznogo rubber tube, which will display the newly formed pus.
wound bandage daily treated antiseptics for 7-14 days it is administered antibiotics.The period of recovery depends on the size of the ulcer, running processes, and is 7-30 days.Once the wound is healed, it will remain small but still noticeable scar from the boil.Over time, it fades and loses its severity.Some patients resort to laser removal of post-operative scarring.
Many boils opened themselves after 10-14 days after the appearance without any treatment.But if the abscess persists longer than two weeks, there are severe pain, swollen soft tissue around education, increased body temperature, we are talking about complicated boils, which can only remove surgically, and only in a hospital.Uncomplicated boils can be eliminated without further outpatient hospitalization.
Laser surgery-modern approach in the treatment of boils
Laser Surgery today is gaining popularity.The sequence of operations to remove boils laser does not differ from the classical surgery performed with a scalpel.
But at the same time such a procedure has a number of advantages, including:
- no need for local anesthesia;
- minimal injury of the upper layer of the skin;
- almost complete absence of blood;
- exclusion of side effects in the form of re-festering;
- rapid healing of wounds;
- painless postoperative period;
- no scars.
One procedure allows you to completely remove furunkulezny element.During the operation, the patient feels a slight tingling sensation after her, he just goes on domoy.Shram boil at first slightly noticeable, but after a while it is completely absorbed.
Removing boils at home
manually delete boils strictly prohibited, however, this practice is widespread among the population, especially adolescents.In the minds of most people it boils associated with conventional acne, and who is not squeezed acne in adolescence?
People often underestimate the seriousness of the situation, and this, in practice, is fraught with very negative consequences in death iskhoda.Prokalyvanie, cutting, squeezing boils danger of infection in the blood and the subsequent entering in the vessels of the brain.Especially dangerous in this respect are complicated furunkuleznye inflammation on his face.
Staph infection that has penetrated into the veins of the brain, causes purulent meningitis, sepsis, cellulitis eye socket and other pathological conditions, life-threatening.As a result of infection in the bloodstream may also be local venous inflammation- local thrombophlebitis, which in the absence of appropriate treatment is dangerous thrombosis of the cavernous sinus of the brain and subsequent death.
But what if a boil was discovered by yourself?Provide the affected skin antiseptic strict conditions.Treat the wound with hydrogen peroxide or furatsilinom, apply a sterile bandage, soaked with sodium chloride solution, furatsilinovoy, streptotsidnoy sintomitsinovoy or ointment.The pus will come out gradually, so tie up the wound every day.The skin around the ulcer is desirable to process alcohol, methyl blue or green paint.
After a while, when the rod is completely separated boil, you can remove it with sterile forceps.To prevent the spread of infection can not break the rod.All of the above actions are irrelevant for people with boils on the face, they are subject to mandatory hospitalization before opening the abscess.
avoid various complications of treatment is recommended to take place in a hospital setting: cut or boil successfully cope with it non-surgically doctor can only.