Among the acute allergy angioedema is considered one of the most common and dangerous diseases.External and internal provocateurs capable of eliciting an immune response of the body.Fabrics skin and mucous swell as a result of circulatory disorders and the accumulation of tissue fluid.This occurs after binding antibodies of the human body received the blood antigens (allergens).
angioedema or angioedema - synonyms disease.But most clinicians disease called by the name of the author, who described the first symptoms.Angioedema diagnosed with allergic and nonallergic nature.Dramatically increasing puffiness appears on the back, feet and hands.Dangerous forecast represents an increase in the cervical tissue and the meninges.
content of the article:
- What causes edema?
- External signs of angioedema
- How to make the correct diagnosis?
- Emergency Assistance
- Inpatient treatment
- Features disease in children
What causes edema?
culprits acute condition can be both intern
classical allergens is considered pollen, wool, nuts or chocolate.The high level of threat are insects.Nonallergic angioedema nature arises from the spontaneous activation of the complement system proteins.This is facilitated genetic abnormalities, dysfunction of glands, invasion of various types of worms.
- clinical picture;
- development mechanism;
- on the basis of the causes.
External signs of angioedema
patients angioedema provokes:
- rapidly growing local puffiness of the face;
- pale swollen areas;
- difficulty breathing and anxiety;
- barking cough;
- flushing the affected areas;
- with the progression - loss of consciousness;
- swelling of the soft palate;
- narrowing of the throat cavity.
If time does not undertake hormone therapy, angioedema can capture the larynx and trachea.Dexamethasone is used for the relief of most.Incorrect treatment causes death by suffocation of the patient.
Angioedema occurs less frequently in children than in adults.It features a clear localization and visualization of the boundary with the healthy tissue.The child appears abdominal pain or vomiting, increased peristalsis.
these symptoms - is a consequence of increased membrane permeability.Exposure to allergen receptors on cells leads to failure in the bloodstream mediators of the allergic reaction.They include a mechanism for the development process.Consequently, angioedema inevitable.If allergic disease appears watery eyes, runny nose often.The wings of the nose swell considerably.Visually angioedema is characterized by erythema century.Opening the eye becomes difficult.The emergence of papular rash accompanied by itching.
severity of the different cases in which the affected mucosa of the urethra.Angioedema leads to compression of the channel and anuria.Happen swelling of the genitals.Such symptoms are typical for women.
How to make the correct diagnosis?
Since the disease apparently pronounced, navigate to the diagnosis of angioedema easily.Most often the patient himself understands what the reasons for his condition.To clarify the type of stimulus conduct laboratory tests, blood test, urine, feces.If there is no apparent reason to conduct thorough medical history, skin tests at the statement of the allergen.
First Aid angioedema:
- injection (dexamethasone or prednisone), desensitizing;
- detoxification infusion solutions, protease inhibitors (ACC contrycal);
- receiving diuretics.
angioedema is an indication for the direction of the Department of Allergology.
Angioedema should be treated in stages.It starts with the establishment of the complex of the allergen and to avoid contact with him.Strawberries, grapes, peaches, stop use of the high concentration of salicylates.For the same reason it is not allowed to drug treatment, in which they are incorporated.
Vitamin therapy is shown to restore function of the nervous system.Doctors recommend to prevent the re-injection of adrenaline angioedema.Avoid stress and be in the optimum temperature of the surrounding space.However, dexamethasone is indispensable in all cases when it is necessary to treat an adult or child's hormones.
Help with angioedema after relief of the acute process is complemented by the introduction of gamma globulin.Obligatory point appears refusal of alcohol.Reduce allergy food enzyme preparations to help.Remember that even an experienced man in the street alone can not fight the symptoms.
disease in children
angioedema can progress a child on a large scale.The area of its display is unstable.It sometimes changes its location.Swelling with pressure does not hurt and there is no dents.
Pathology in every second case occurs along with hives.Development of laryngeal spasm occurs within about one hour to one day.The time depends on the concentration and degree of allergen sensitization.Shortness of breath and cyanosis of the face help to diagnose angioedema.
The child, in some cases angioedema is manifested only fever and aching joints.Vomiting and frustration of a chair lubricate the big picture.Children in more prone to allergies.The reasons may be lurking in antibiotics and foodstuffs.
First Aid angioedema should be immediate.The highlight is the cessation of contact with the allergen.Bites applied cold compresses.Sufficient effect occurs if the time to begin to treat sorbents with abundant drinking.In severe cases, treatment is hormonal therapy blocks angioedema.
prevention no different from that of adults.Children with allergies should not wear very colorful clothing that attracts insects.When genetic forms of the disease is recommended to do card with personal data and carry with them.