Hygroma (as it is called tendon ganglion or synovial cyst) - an extremely unpleasant phenomenon, which can affect anyone: adult, child, man, woman, sportsman or system administrator, constantly sitting at a computer.The ganglion is a soft tumor that forms in the joints due to accumulation of synovial fluid.
Inherently hygroma - a hernia that occurs in the joint capsule.Education, as a rule, does not hurt and does not hinder movement, so in the early stages of the disease often remains undetected.
content of the article:
- Causes of ganglion
- most common localization hygroma
- Symptoms tendon ganglion
- Diagnosis and treatment of synovial cysts
Causes of ganglion
Theremany factors synovial cysts Education:
- sedentary lifestyle;
- poorly healed injuries of joints and ligaments (sprains, bruises, sprains);
- long, intense and repetitive physical activity (which is why the disease is often called hygroma athletes);
- pathological changes in joint tissues, do not depend on
- obesity (overweight creates tremendous stress on the joints, so that can develop tendon ganglia);
- uncomfortable shoes.
most common localization hygroma
Hygroma - tumor that occurs in the joints.It can affect any joint of the human body, but still some more frequently than others prone to this disease.
the most mobile joint in the human body is the shoulder - he is able to move the arm in different planes and perform a variety of movements of the upper extremities.It is because of the active mobility of the shoulder joint injuries, and it is prone to the emergence of the ganglion.Hygroma in the shoulder area - a very common phenomenon among wrestlers and tennis players, as well as swimmers.
But runners, football players and hockey players often suffer from knee hygroma.And ganglion right or left knee often occur in the popliteal fossa, where many people put it bluntly, very seldom look, so often go unnoticed until until it reaches the impressive size.
at the wrist joint in adults synovial cyst occurs infrequently - exposed to it unless the boxers.More often than not, this problem affects young children who have not yet learned to walk, but have already begun to actively crawl, that is constantly moving, leaning on hands.
Rarer ganglia occurs in the hip joints - in these places it is formed due to a sedentary lifestyle, which in our time many of sin.
Symptoms tendon ganglion
Hygroma usually has only symptoms and causes no reactions such as fever.The tumor itself often brings pain and does not hold down movements - at least in the early stages of its development.In the future, it may cause quite severe pain in the joints, but before that, as a rule, does not reach, since most people long before turning to the doctor.In addition, the skin on the surface of the ganglion may thicken, turn red and start to peel.
Diagnosis and treatment of synovial cysts
hygroma is easy to distinguish from other tumors.Ninety percent of the cases, any swelling in the joint - a tendon ganglia.However, in any case, need to consult a qualified orthopedic surgeon who accurately diagnose and prescribe appropriate treatment.
The fastest and most effective way of getting rid of hygroma - is its surgical removal.This operation is quite fast and simple.However, if you persistently do not want to "go under the knife," or if the disease is in its initial stage, will be appropriate conservative treatment: electrophoresis, mud baths, paraffin baths, ultraviolet irradiation, and the like.You can also use a variety of national methods, but only after agreeing this with your doctor.
Remember that self-illiterate can lead you to the most unexpected consequences, so serious and responsible attitude towards their health.