Hygroma - a local accumulation of serous fluid in the capsule of connective tissue.The place of occurrence are joint cavity or tendon bags.Post-traumatic hygroma appear around elbow and knee joints, wrists or feet.The accumulation of fluid under the top shell of the brain, consisting of connective tissue, called a subdural hygroma.
content of the article:
- signs of pathological process
- Therapies subdural hygromas
- prognosis and relapse prevention
Against head-mozgovyh injury is likely the development of tumor in the subcutaneous areas of the head.In other cases, they are placed inside the skull.Severe head injuries contribute to brain rupture the tanks in which cerebrospinal fluid circulates.As a result, the cyst capsule contains not only the cerebrospinal fluid, and blood and tissue particles destroyed head.
damage the integrity of the cavities of the brain can sometimes occur even with a slight bump on the head.The volume of conte
signs of pathological process
Location capsule under the skin on the head is not much of a threat.It can be easily removed by surgery without any consequences.More complex is the question if hygroma is inside the skull.
Subdural serous tumor develops in isolation or in combination with hematomas, bruises and bleeding.The disease is accompanied by the same symptoms as that of hematomas.The severity of the process associated with the proximity of the brain.Separate portions thereof are deformed and pressure.The localization process is determined by the symptoms.
Patients with subdural hygroma field lose value.They have changed behavior.It appears nervousness, aggressiveness, mood changes frequently.Suspicious status of the victim should be a signal to the mandatory medical examination.Running hygroma with localization in the visual centers deprive a person of all.
subdural hygroma main symptoms are:
- nausea, vomiting passing in;
- speech disorders;
patient three phases of consciousness changing one after another.This three-phase of consciousness.In the first phase it is possible temporary loss.It does not last long and is not transformed into a coma.Then comes a lucid interval.So we call the renewal of perception before further coma.It is characteristic of severe injuries.
consciousness returns.But stupor may be present.Headaches of a local character.Strong pain attack provokes vomiting.Compression of brain tissue causing reflex slow heartbeat (bradycardia).Against the background of these changes in consciousness can disconnect the second time.
I suffered weakened limbs innervation.If consciousness is preserved - it is getting worse.Perhaps unilateral mydriasis maintaining sensitivity.The appearance of seizures threatened seizures.The severity depends on the duration of the state of compression of the brain tissue.
hygroma can be suspected as the patient and the presence of abrasions, wounds or bruises on his head.But for further diagnosis is necessary to conduct a special investigation.These methods include echoencephalography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.With their help doctors evaluate the presence of a liquid tumor, its location and size of the set.
Therapies subdural hygromas
Occurrence hygromas under the dura mater can be treated only operatively.But if the diagnosis was established small size capsules, it is enough to observation and treatment.In most cases, the capsule drain probe.To do this, the doctor makes a hole in the skull.
Today the practice of general anesthesia.Several days later, the patient is able to leave the hospital on their own.Removing the fluid facilitates its condition.The risk of relapse is very high.Message from the tanks of the brain cavity can trigger re-accumulation of fluid.
Conduct craniotomy (opening) can cause a number of complications.The most dangerous are brain hemorrhage and postoperative infection.After surgery, some mental and nervous disorders can manifest itself slightly.
prognosis and relapse prevention
Early extraction of the contents of the tumor can provide a complete recovery and restoration of body functions.Relapses increase the percentage of disability of patients.By themselves, subdural hygroma not lead to death.Death often occurs in comorbidity, damaging vital centers.
After surgery to remove a subdural hygroma must be remembered:
- adherence to prevent recurrences;
- slightest changes in the general condition require repeated medical consultations;
- nervous stress and physical activity resumed during the pathological process.
Therefore, regular visits to a physician in conjunction with the diagnostic tool to help patients fully recover.