Hygroma a swelling filled with fluid.It often affects the joints - then it is called synovial cyst or ganglion tendon.In this case, the disease is practically harmless, easily diagnosed and quickly treated.
But there is in the human body is one more "tidbit", which sometimes suffers from this disease, and it - the brain, and with it are known to be trifled with.
content of the article:
- hygroma Causes of brain
- Symptoms of the disease and its risk to human health
- Diagnosis and treatment
- How to protect yourself?
hygroma Causes of brain
Hygroma brain, she subdural hygroma, most often occurs as a complication of a variety of brain injuries.Sometimes even quite light enough impact to ruptured subarachnoid cisterns (small cavities at the base of the brain).This results in the formation of tumors, cerebrospinal fluid filled.Volume it varies from thirty to two hundred and fifty milliliters.
symptoms of the disease and its risk to human health
Depending on the size of the tumor and its pressure on the brain, as well as the severity of the injury, due to which it originated, the disease can have a variety of symptoms or none at all.Symptoms very similar to the symptoms of a concussion or intracranial hematoma.
patient may experience:
- headache squeezing or pulsating character;
- nausea and vomiting;
- sleep disorders;
- problems with speech;
- memory impairment;
- frequent loss of consciousness;
- incoordination of movements (including fine motor skills);
- confusion of thought;
- behavior changes (aggression, apathy);
- blurred vision.
In the event that after a head injury (even if quite small) you find at least one of the above symptoms, immediately consult a qualified physician.In the absence of timely treatment hygroma may increase in size or even develop into a malignant tumor, and lead to irreversible changes in the brain and cause a stroke.
Diagnosis and treatment of hygroma
diagnose brain is sometimes quite difficult - depending on its size and its symptoms are often confused with subdural hematoma, or other types of brain tumors.In order to make the correct diagnosis is accurate, you must undergo a full examination of the complex, which includes echoencephalography, computer and magnetic resonance imaging of the head.But even these methods of diagnosis do not always help to identify the disease, and very often it is only recognize directly during surgery to remove the tumor.
operation itself is not always considered to be a necessary measure.In those cases, when the tumor is small size and compresses the brain, often limited to conservative treatment followed by regular monitoring of the patient.Such treatment is usually in the ultraviolet irradiation.
If the tumor has reached significant volumes, causing severe headaches, various physiological disorders and presents a potential danger to the brain, it must be surgically removed.To do this, we conducted a special operation called a craniotomy (more common name - craniotomy).The skull makes a small opening through which a thin flexible tube outward displays the contents of the tumor, which often consists of cerebrospinal fluid with a low percentage of blood.
operation is performed under general (in some cases - under local) anesthesia.After her for five to seven days a patient stays in the hospital, and almost all the time in the hole made in the skull, are tubes through which liquid residues are displayed.This precaution is done to avoid possible recurrence of the disease, which can sometimes grow much faster than the primary tumor and bring much more harm.Complications are rare after a craniotomy.In some cases, even after complete removal of the tumor may remain some of the symptoms of the disease, such as speech disorders, or motor coordination, mood swings and so on.
How to protect yourself?
To avoid hygroma brain (and possible relapse after treatment), it is necessary to comply with mandatory and familiar to all security measures, that is to protect the head from possible injury.Of course, no one is safe from accidental falls in the metro because of the jostling fellow citizens, but, at least, do not be lazy to put on a helmet before cycling.