Hives - this is probably one of the most difficult diseases in terms of treatment and diagnosis, which often refer to the allergist-immunologist for advice.The term urticaria combines a number of diseases that have different nature of occurrence, but similar clinical symptoms.
In appearance resembles a cluster of blistering rash similar to burn from nettles.It is from here, and this was the name of the disease.
By their nature, urticaria is a common disease.According to statistics, the disease manifests itself in 10-35% of the population at least once in life.The most disastrous one for the disease is a chronic rash that lasts more than 6-7 weeks
Officially, it should be considered the description of hives in 1882, while still in the works of Hippocrates were found describing similar symptoms.
content of the article:
- Hives: symptoms of the disease
- Acute urticaria
- Giant urticaria or acute limited angioedema
- resistant papular urticaria
- Chronic recurrent urticaria
- Solar urticaria
- treatment of hives medication
- Hives Treatment folk remedies
- Hypoallergenic menu or what foods you can eat
- Urticaria in children
- first aid of child
- Types of hives in children
- hives during pregnancy
- Hives photo
Hives: symptoms of the disease
most pronounced symptom of urticaria is the appearance of blisters on the skin.These blisters outwardly resemble insect bites or burns, occurred from contact with nettles.Skin around the blisters may be red.Sometimes, all the elements of the affected skin may merge together, thereby forming a giant blisters.Typically, these lesions are symmetrical.
main characteristic of urticaria can be called a complete reversibility of the blisters.For example: when the disease becomes irritable skin and blisters for a while, and then bulges disappear without leaving behind any traces, white spots, burns or scars.
But unlike regular burn of a nettle, the disease manifests itself again, and with the change of the dislocation.If today was a rash on his legs, then tomorrow can be found in the hands of the hives.
Repeated relapses - the main feature of the disease
Hives, depending on the display are divided into:
- acute (also here medics carry a limited angioedema)
- Resistant papular chronic urticaria;
- chronic recurrent;
- solar urticaria.
Let's look at each kind of order.
manifested this kind of disease suddenly and is usually characterized by itchy rashes much sharp, consisting of elements of different sizes.Typically, the blisters in most cases have a regular rounded shape, but also blisters occur irregularly elongated shapes.This is due to the fact that some bumps tend to blend together.In this case, it may appear fever and chills (so-called "hives"), indigestion, and malaise.
Acute urticaria was chosen for the manifestation of such places as: arms, legs, buttocks, torso, but it is far from all the places where you can meet her.Less commonly seen acute hives in the mucosa of the lips, tongue, throat, soft palate, nose and throat that is often difficult breathing and swallowing.
In acute urticaria rash appears in 1-2 hours and disappears without a trace.So can continue for several days.In most cases, this form of the disease is manifested in the form of a protective response by an organism to drug allergy or food, and the response to various vaccines, sera, and even blood transfusions.
Also acute urticaria is and the atypical form, which has a linear form blisters, manifested by mechanical damage to the skin and is characterized by the absence of itching.
Giant urticaria or acute angioedema limited
This kind of pretty dangerous.It is manifested in the form of swelling of the skin that lasts from several hours to several days, while skin is a white, sometimes a pinkish hue.Swelling can be anywhere on the hands and feet, and on the penis.If angioedema patients may complain of a burning sensation in areas of edema.Harmful Quincke
that that may develop on the mucous membrane of the throat, which in turn can lead to serious complications, such as stenosis and asphyxia.If the swelling is located in the territory of their sockets, it may cause blurred vision, as well as the deviation of the eyeball.
resistant papular urticaria
With this type of long-lasting disease rash converted into a stage of papules and limited to persistent edema acanthosis and hyperkeratosis join.Basically nodules red-brown color located on the folds of any human limb.According to statistics, women suffer more often than men.
In some editions of this form can be seen as a type of urticaria pruritus.
Chronic recurrent urticaria
This form of the disease is the direct result of a long period of sensitization, which was caused by the presence of foci of chronic infection in the body (adnexitis caries, tonsillitis, etc.). difference between chronic urticaria acute is its paroxysmal flow and less severe rash. rash can be anywhere, but not in such quantities as in the acute form.
manifestation of a chronic rash may be accompanied by headache, body temperature, pain in the joints, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting.Itching that appears when this form may result in sleeplessness, and neurotic disorders.When the fence and blood tests, doctors say the presence of thrombocytopenia, and eosinophilia.
This form of the disease appear on exposed skin after prolonged exposure to UV rays.Mostly affects persons with a pronounced disturbed porphyrin exchange in patients with various liver diseases.For this form is characterized by seasonality and crouches season in the spring and summer, the period when the activity of ultraviolet rays is very high.
Such patients are prohibited for a long time in the sun, as it can affect a cardiac disorders, respiratory failure, and may even lead to a state of shock.
treatment of hives in the first place is to identify and eliminate the allergen that caused the hives.The easiest way to do this with acute urticaria.,
Remember, urticaria treated only after consultation and advice of a doctor!Pursuing self-medicate you do so at your own risk!
If the patient has chronic urticaria, in which case you must pass all the tests, including blood, feces and urine.Also, everything you need to provide the whole history of the disease and in some cases even do X-ray examination.
Typically, the first and then using the treatment prescribed antihistamines, among which are widely practiced lotions, soothing itching, various creams, ointments, cold packs and so forth.
If hives develop on the background of some illness, and their relationship proved analysis - insuch cases in parallel are engaged in treatment of the disease.
In the event that captures most of the swelling of the mucous membrane, thus creating a threat to life, doctors have resorted to extraordinary measures - administered large doses of hormones (steroids) and adrenaline (epinephrine).
Treatment of acute urticaria is quick and after 1-2 days seen a great result, but not so on the chronic form - to improve the state may need 2-3 weeks.
treatment of hives medication
In acute urticaria, which was caused by the intake of food or drugs, prescribed laxatives, as well as hyposensitizing drugs such as - calcium gluconate, 10% calcium chloride solution, antihistamines.
In severe cases, use epinephrine and corticosteroids.Outwardly
apply various antipruritics, such as a solution of calendula, salicylic acid, 1% alcoholic solution of menthol.
If the diagnosis - chronic urticaria - the treatment is to identify the etiologic agent.When an allergen is found produce specific hypersensitivity, treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, sanitation foci of infection, degelmitizatsiyu.Further, it is recommended to adhere to a strict diet and completely exclude aphrodisiacs.
Hives Treatment folk remedies
Previously, there were no medicines for hives on the people found a variety of recipes, prepared tincture of herbs to fight the disease.For this to our times have come down some recipes that have been used in the treatment earlier.And though they are checked by the people, you must understand that our environment has changed everything in the region.Therefore, before using any prescription should first consult a doctor.It is best not to self-medicate, and to trust the professionals.
Here are some recipes that can be used in the treatment, but always consult your doctor!
- grass cocklebur usual.Because it is the tincture (2%) on the 50-degree alcohol.Take 2-10 drops for children, adults 15-20 drops to a tablespoon of warm water.Reception Period 3-4 times / day.
- Root Calamus. root crushed into powder and take half a teaspoon before bedtime with a glass of warm water.
- Odorous celery. We need fresh juice or infusion of celery finely ground, filled with water for 2 hours.Juice take on half tsp. 3 times daily, infusion and 1/3 cup 30 minutes before a meal.
- Deadnettle (nettle is deaf). cup of boiling water pour 1 tablespoon of flowers.Let stand 30 minutes.Take a glass 3 times a day.
Hypoallergenic menu or what foods you can eat
If the disease is triggered by food, you should go on a diet, using the following products:
- vegetables and herbs : dill, parsley, lettuce, broccoli, potatoes(pre-soaked in water for 2 hours), squash.
- Kashi : rice, buckwheat, corn - boil water.
- Oil : vegetable oil and butter in a small number of islands.
- Meat : turkey, rabbit.
- Soups : vegetables, cereals meat turkey or rabbit.
- Sugar : fructose.
- Bakery: drying unleavened white bread, dry crispbread, biscuits giperallergennoe.
- Dairy products : pure yogurt, cottage cheese, cottage cheese for children.
Using these products in food, can reduce the risk of disease recurrence and improve their condition.Further it is possible to add the product to 1 time in 14 days.
Urticaria in children
begins urticaria in children spontaneously, with intense itching of various body parts.And blisters that jump in the hives can appear not only on the body but also on the mucous membrane of the eye, the gastrointestinal tract, mouth.And usually stay from several minutes to several hours.
most dangerous for children of all options is - angioedema.About him we wrote a little higher.And if an adult child may complain of swelling, the infant is unlikely.
If the disease occurs for the first time, it is called acute urticaria.This form is often accompanied by headaches, malaise and high fever.If no action is taken, the possible option of escalating acute form of chronic urticaria in children.
What to do?Whom should I contact?We go to the doctor
in hospital with the disease are usually fighting two doctors: an allergist and dermatologist.Usually, a doctor needs to collect anamnesis, so he asks things like:
- When and how to start a disease;
- what foodstuff;
- sick than before, and what medicine to take;
- whether long trips;
- whether gastrointestinal and autoimmune diseases;
- and DR
first aid of child
If your child has swollen neck or face, or were difficulty swallowing and breathing - contact your doctor immediately or call an ambulance.If a rash on the body of the child does not pass for 5-6 days, you should see a doctor and find out the cause of the rash.Allergy to the baby's skin can cause a rise in temperature.
If a child has occurred angioedema, and it becomes harder and harder to breathe - call an ambulance, and in the meantime give the child any antihistamine, and try to provide him with even breathing, calm, giving valerian and knock out the cold.These actions must be done because the swelling of the airways may increase when frightened.
Otherwise watch for a rash if it short-term, single and ill health there, you do not worry, it is possible allergy to any product, or at the touch of a certain material.Often this manifests itself, this rash on the face of the child.
Types of hives in children
In our time, scientists have learned to recognize all kinds of hives, including ones arise as a result of allergies, while others from some external influence.In fact, these species are not so much
Hives pressure.Almost occurs only in children with prolonged pressure or friction on the skin items such as straps, gum from the pants, prolonged sitting, lifting, etc.The rash usually accompanied by such burning and last from 30 minutes to 9 hours.The duration depends on the precipitation reaction, which is the immediate and slow.The child may complain of chills, fever, and malaise.
Vibratory urticaria. may appear in a child after a trip by car or after massage, shaking, running.
Cold allergy or cold urticaria. manifest as rash after hypothermia or a long stay outside in freezing weather.
cholinergic urticaria. seen in children after a rise in temperature, usually after running or hot shower.This allergic rash in children is so characteristic that it is determined by the doctors look at the blisters.
Akvagennaya krapivitsa. very rare condition in which there is a rash after any contact with water, regardless of its temperature.This rash appears a few minutes after contact.
Solar urticaria. by ultraviolet radiation from the children develop a rash on exposed skin areas.For long-term stays open for sun possible deterioration of health, respiratory failure, cardiac abnormalities, and even shock.
hives during pregnancy
During pregnancy a woman's body takes to develop a large number of female hormones (estrogen), which in fact is one of the risk factors for urticaria.Characteristic features of urticaria in pregnancy - pronounced itching, scratching the skin, insomnia, irritability.
If a rash, it should be required to show a dermatologist, since pregnant women can be differentiated urticaria dermatitis.
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