Scabies - a skin disease, which is caused by scabies.It might seem like you can get scabies?And everything is very simple. actually mange is contagious and can be transmitted from person to person, with handshakes, through bedding and clothing, through a variety of subjects.Some people believe that scabies is transmitted from animals, but in fact it is not confirmed.The disease is accompanied by pruritus, itch moves, scratching.
main symptom of scabies is itching, which is most often seen at night.Also noticeably manifested in scabies rash.Most often, the rash on his legs and a rash on the palms, at least - on the body.This is due to the fact that in most cases, people infected through shaking hands and touching.
manifestation of scabies is in both children and adults.Pathogen scabies - scabies mites.By itself, the tick has a small size and practically invisible to the naked eye.
length female scabies mite is 190-400 microns, which is quite small.Lives such individual for 1 month.During his short life
The incubation period of scabies lasts for 2 weeks and after 14 days the larvae turn into adults, which also begin to lay larvae.
content of the article:
- Scabies first signs
- Scabies symptoms
- Scabies manifestation and frequent location
- Scabies treatment
- How to treat scabies: effective treatment for scabies
- Prevention scabies
- Scabies in children
- Pregnancy Scabies Scabies
Scabies first signs
manifestation of scabies does not have any specific time period clearly.Everything depends on the stage of infection and the age of the individuals who became infected people.If this is the adult scabies treatment, then after a few hours of the rash may occur.In other cases of latent infection can occur, whereas for the manifestation of the first signs you will need 10-12 days - so much is the incubation period of scabies mite.
rash of scabies is often confused with the quite popular disease - scrapie.The main thing to diagnose the disease and prescribe treatment.
most pronounced symptoms of scabies can be counted on the fingers.Among them it is worth noting:
Itching of the skin of the body, which increases at night.This is due to the most active female mite that it crouches at night.
presence of burrows, which are visible to the naked eye.
Polymorphism (the appearance of papules and vesicles coated with hemorrhagic crust, erosion, vesicles, excoriations).
often infected favorite places.(stomach area, interdigital folds, the elbow, the side of the torso, thighs, buttocks, in women - breast, male - genitals).
presence of red spots on the body that itch forever, as well as the presence of curved lines dirty-gray color (those burrows).
Important!After full cure scabies, a person does not acquire immunity from it.Be sure to disinfect the premises and personal belongings.It is also worth to consider all the doctor's recommendations about personal hygiene.All this must be done in order to avoid re-infected ticks.People who ignore the recommendation of a physician, may be ill for several years, painfully struggling with the disease.
is also worth noting that the itching can be not only from scabies, so to get a real diagnosis is recommended to see a doctor and be tested for scabies, thereby ensure its presence or absence.After all, the disease scabies should be treated under the supervision of a physician and a complex, perhaps even in the circle of family or company with whom the patient spent the most time to time to prevent reproduction.
Scabies manifestation and frequent location
scabies usually occurs in the legs, arms, face, head, groin includingon the penis.And, most interestingly, multiplies very quickly, because if people first appeared on his hands itch, then by scratching, touching different parts of the body, the larvae of the tick will gladly take the new location.Next is the matter of clothes - dressed, diarrhea, and took off again seated larvae and healthy individuals by the body.
That is why when the first symptoms, and any forms that have been described above, it should promptly see a doctor, and bed linen and clothes disinfected.And follow all recommendations of your doctor.
In our time, scientists have found an effective remedy for scabies even a whole range of medicines, ointments, various high-performance products that help get rid of scabies and scabies treatment in the shortest time, up to several days.Medicine for scabies helps eliminate both the problem itself and the unpleasant symptoms that occur in the course of the disease.
First of all, the treatment takes dermatologist.The treatment goal - to destroy the causative agent - the scabies mite.
no secret that the whole scheme designed by doctors for the treatment of scabies, which are aimed at specific actions that should be applied at certain stages of the disease and the severity of forms.
If scabies is at an early stage and the number of outbreaks of the disease have little or singly, the doctor immediately begin treatment in order to prevent re-infestation.
If the centers of many, there shall be certain medications that should be thoroughly rubbed into the skin in areas affected by lesions.In these cases, exceptions are the neck, face and hairy portion of the head.
IMPORTANT!Treatment is best to start in the evening, when shown the greatest activity of the tick.
How to treat scabies: effective treatment for scabies
Let's look at the most effective remedies for scabies
Sulfuric ointment .Sulfuric ointment applied to the affected area of the skin, according to the instruction.Sulfuric ointment is destructive mite, which contributes to effective treatment.But there is a downside: the ointment has an unpleasant odor, the treatment lasts for an average of 7 days, the option of private allergic reaction to the ointment.
IMPORTANT!It should be carefully applied ointment on the areas of the face and neck, as well as to monitor the condition of the skin.In case of allergies or irritation should discontinue treatment and consult a doctor!
Benzyl .The effective ointment for scabies.Instruction is in the package.The course of treatment appointed the doctor, depending on the complexity of the disease.Usually, this treatment for 2 days, if necessary, extend the course for 1 day or spend a few days again.Before applying you need to wash with soap and water, replace the clothes and linens.Children appoint 10%, adults 20% benzyl benzoate.
disadvantage of this preparation may be burning of the skin at the site of application of the ointment, and allergic reactions.
IMPORTANT!This drug is contraindicated in pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Spreagel .Spray from scabies, applied externally.The effective time for treatment - before going to bed.Once the drug is applied to the body is not necessary to wash.Spray by spraying the affected areas with 20-30 cm distance.Particular care is recommended to apply the drug to areas between the toes and hands, armpits, the folds of all arms and legs, the perineum.
Damage spray left on the affected area for 12 hours.After this period, you must carefully obmytsya with soap and a washcloth and wipe dry.
Usually one bottle is enough for treatment Spreagelya 2-3 people.But it is also worth remembering that after treatment can be observed itching and other symptoms within 8-10 days.Spregal leave very positive feedback.Possible side effects such as light burning, which passes quickly.
IMPORTANT!Gently use the drug during pregnancy, it is important to know that it does not threaten the fetus.If the drug is used in the treatment of children, the child should first close your nose and mouth with a napkin, and if necessary to the person applying Spreagelya use a cotton swab soaked in spray.
Permethrin .Using a cotton swab means is applied on the trunk and limbs for 3 days.The face, neck and scalp treatment can not be.Procedures should be in well-ventilated areas.It is necessary to avoid contact with eyes and mucous membranes.In the event that you need to rinse with copious amounts of water.Side effects - burning, tingling.Tingling, numbness in the hand skin, severe itching, and allergic reactions.For more information, visit the insert.
IMPORTANT!It prohibited medication to children under 1 year old, lactating mothers.Very caution should be used during pregnancy and in children under 5 years old.Ingestion is an urgent need to do gastric lavage.
Lindane. lindane lotion applied to the body and left for 5-6 hours, then thoroughly rinsed.In hot climates use lindane powder (15-20 gr. Powder rubbed into the skin two or three times a day).In most cases, one of the drug.Lindane is contraindicated in children, pregnant women and patients with skin diseases and scratching, t. To., Lotion can cause a flare-up.
The first step is to identify the locus and intensively to start treatment.The same should boil all your clothes and linens patient.Itch mite is killed at temperatures above 60 degrees.So things should be boiled for 5-10 minutes after boiling.Next thing must be dried and carefully ironed iron on both sides, including pockets and other hard to reach places.
If items that can not be boiled, such as children's toys, a variety of subjects, which is contraindicated interaction with water, they should put a plastic bag and close tightly for 3-4 days.
every day to do wet cleaning of the entire premises, including the wiping of various surfaces 1-2% soda-soap solution.
Just be disinfected by means of an aerosol A-PAR (A-PAR).Sold in bottles of 200 ml.The contents of the vial must be sprayed on all surfaces that come into contact with the patient, including the items not to be boiled (toys, pillows, mattresses, etc.).The product does not stain fabrics, disappears after its use does not necessarily erase things and textiles can be worn several hours later.The spraying is carried out in a sufficiently well-ventilated areas to avoid destruction of the mucous membranes and respiratory tract.
Scabies in children
Symptoms of scabies in children do not differ from the signs of the adults.Therefore, every mother facing at least once with the disease knows how to identify scabies in infants and beyond.In most cases, is being treated for scabies at home.
few tips for parents
treatment is carried out in the evening, before bedtime, since at this time crouches biggest mite activity.Everything will be easier for the child to sleep, and the drug will work all night.
Infants should swaddle or wear gloves on his hands, so that they are not brought into the mouth, on the skin caused by the drug or not rubbed his eyes.If antiscabietic still got to the mucosa or the respiratory tract, should be thoroughly washed under running water, and with the possibility to see a doctor.
Since children are more susceptible to scabies, it is necessary to treat the whole family, in order to avoid a recurrence.This is done even in cases when other family members did not reveal any symptoms.A sick child should be allocated a separate towels, dishes.Bed linen and clothes changed every day.Skim underwear should be carefully boil and iron hot iron on both sides.In the room of the patient should be done daily wet cleaning.
Adhering to all of these rules can get rid of scabies in children and not only for a short time, this period is usually less than 1 week.In most cases, the itch disappears the next day after the start of treatment, but there is another side to the coin - the itching that lasts for 2 weeks in a row after treatment.In this case, observe the patient, and if the body does not show new lesions - called after such itching itch.Usually it passes by itself, since it is the result of an allergic reaction to medication.
Scabies in pregnancy is gaining much attention and be sure to consult with your doctor.Since many drugs are contraindicated for pregnant women or their use should take place under strict supervision of the attending physician, as some drugs can harm the future of the fetus.
After inspection and tests the doctor prescribes treatment.In some cases outpatient treatment.
We give you a few pictures of scabies, so that you can identify it by sight.Carefully adhere to the rules of hygiene, and seek advice from your doctor.