basal cell carcinoma - a tumor of the skin, which got its name from the name of the cells from which the tumor.The surface layer of cells called basal.By nature basal cell carcinoma represent 70% of all skin diseases in oncology.The tumor has not metastasized, that is not covered in other parts of the body through the lymph nodes or blood vessels.It grows slowly, the growth period may be several years.Most often it appears on the face.Basal cell carcinoma on his nose more often exposed to damage.Maybe both single and multiple, after removal there is no guarantee that the basal cell carcinoma does not appear again.
Superficial basal cell carcinoma in appearance resembles a spot round or oval shades of pink.
content of the article:
- Under what conditions can get sick of basal cell carcinoma?
- clinical manifestation of basal cell carcinoma
- What types of basal cell carcinoma there?
- Who basal cell carcinoma occurs most often?
- Methods of preventing basal cell carcinoma:
- basal cell carcinoma: treatment
Under what conditions can get sick of basal cell carcinoma?
- sun exposure.
- ionizing radiation.
- Human exposure to high temperatures.
- Carcinogens on the body and in the body (arsenic, tar, tar, carbon black and certain types of dyes).
- congenital abnormality.
- cigarette tar.
basal cell carcinoma is most often seen in people after 50 years, but in rare cases can also be found in children and adolescents.Both men and women are at risk of developing basal cell carcinoma in equal proportions.
basal cell carcinoma usually occurs on exposed skin, usually on the face, scalp, neck.Also, basal cell carcinoma occurs on the nose.Lesions are upper lip, nostrils, nasolabial folds, whiskey, inner and outer corners of the eyes.
What types of basal cell carcinoma there?
- flat basal cell carcinoma - tumor type blyashkovidnogo valikoobraznymi with precise edges that are slightly raised.
- nodular basal cell carcinoma - exophytic tumor is round, pink, often bleeds.In the center there is a small depression of basal cell carcinoma.
- Superficial basal cell carcinoma - a tumor in a pink stain with a slightly raised edge and has a shiny surface.Place localization - torso.Often manifested in the form of multiple formations.Of all these forms is the most benign surface.There may be a life only slightly increasing in size.
On histological classification basaliomas (international) the following types:
- Superficial multicentric
The most common is a nodular form of basal cell carcinoma.From it are formed all the other forms. This tumor is accompanied by the appearance of ulcers and erosions.Neoplasm develops locally and spreads throughout the body.
first appears on the face skin painless nodule, then he becomes ulcerated and crusty.Over the next few months or years, a knot begins to grow in breadth, and the sores appear.Then it becomes lobed and appear on the surface telangiectasia.
After all these periods of swelling turns into a huge plaque size (10 cm), which begins to peel off the surface.Then converted into mushroom unit, which destroys all the muscle tissue and bone that are under him.So these moles should be immediately removed.
Who basal cell carcinoma occurs most often?
most often occurs in people who are older than 50 years.Those people who are over 65 years old, found in almost every second.At this time, due to radiation, and other factors, the disease progresses.
Most basal cell carcinoma occurs in the southern regions of the residents who either live in rural areas or have cottages with gardens.This is due to the fact that such people often reside in the sun, which is much stronger than in southern regions.
If we talk about men and women, and of those, and the basal cell carcinoma arises equally.More likely to develop the so-called white-skinned people.Their skin type is more exposed to sunlight.
Dangerous if a basal cell carcinoma?
itself bazalioma not metastasize, and all my time is in one place.But she has a very bad property to destroy tissue that are under it including muscle.So after prolonged wearing of basal cell carcinoma, and its removal is sometimes a funnel.If the tumor is close to the bone or nerves, then it affecting them can cause pain and is not a pleasant feeling.
Although basal cell carcinoma and different from all cancers nerasprostranёnnostyu on his body, but nevertheless it is able to grow in breadth, thereby destroying healthy cells and causing harm to humans.
basal cell carcinoma prevention methods:
- Protection scars on the skin from damage.
- face and neck protection from prolonged exposure to direct sunlight.
- Observe the precautions and personal hygiene when working with carcinogens.
- Early treatment of skin diseases.
- Treatment nonhealing ulcers.
- Prevent dry skin.
basal cell carcinoma: treatment
Upon confirmation of basal cell carcinoma in any stage in any case, do not delay treatment.
Currently there are 6 most effective treatments for basal cell carcinoma:
- drug therapy.
- Combined method.
- Laser therapy.
Whichever method you choose for the treatment of basal cell carcinoma of the skin, and that it is better approach?It should be determined by the attending physician you.For example, radiation therapy is administered in the early stages of development.And if it's not running much, in most cases, radiation therapy gives great results.But do not forget about the negative qualities of radiation therapy.
Surgical method effectively remove small tumors, but this method is not appropriate in cases where basal cell carcinoma located in hard to reach places (nose, pinna).Any surgery is not without sutures and postoperative rehabilitation period.The risk of tumors again quite large, therefore place further treated with liquid nitrogen.
Equally effective is the combined method .The method consists in the preliminary irradiation and subsequent excision of basal cell carcinoma.Despite all the disadvantages of these two methods, a combined method may be most effective.
Drug treatment of basal cell carcinoma is that at the cellular level, drugs block and inhibit tumor, thereby allowing it to grow further.This method of treatment is not very effective, it does have some side effects, but it is indispensable in the event that the tumor is in the reach of other methods place.It can still be used in the combined treatments.
Cryodestruction - moxibustion tumor low temperature.It is known that the liquid nitrogen evaporates.So - if it gets to the tumor, liquid nitrogen freezes it, and in the meantime he quickly evaporates.Eventually, the tumor falls off.
This method is very convenient.It is painless, quick, has no contraindications and side effects.Its only drawback is that it leaves scars.This method does not apply if the basal cell carcinoma located near the eye.