Inflammation of the skin surface at the point where the diaper or diaper called diaper dermatitis.
Inflammation of the skin of newborns appear because of the special structure of children's skin.She no longer adversely affected by external factors, and improper care of her. foci of inflammation triggered by a variety of physical, biological causes:
- dirty diaper or diaper, time has not superseded by parents;
- aggressive environment of the active components of urine and feces child (bile salts, enzymes, ammonia and their compounds);
- microorganisms and bacteria (fungi of the genus Candida, staphylococcus or streptococcus).
Wrong child care is a major cause, provoking the development of diaper dermatitis. Very often, if a newborn empty, parents do not want him to change clothes right away, so as not to disturb or wake.Such care is "bearish" service, it causes the development of inflammation and stimulates diaper dermatitis.It is necessary to immediately change a diaper that will provide a calm and
Quite often manifestations of this type of dermatitis in children suffering from atopic dermatitis, or seborrhea.
content of the article:
- Symptoms manifestation
- methods of therapy is not complicated forms of dermatitis
- therapy in complicated diaper dermatitis
- diaper dermatitis sick adults
- Treatment dermatitis traditional methods
inflammatory processes triggered by diaper dermatitis are limited in areas of direct skin contact with the diaper, and sometimes - in the field of friction gum groin.Foci of inflammation looks like a big sore bright red with heterogeneous edges.He appears in infants in the groin area or on the buttocks in a reddening of the skin.The affected area has a characteristic peeling or soak (discharge of liquid on the surface of the inflamed skin).
If the same redness and peeling occur on the cheeks or behind the ears of the child, then it is not a sign of diaper dermatitis, and a completely different disease.Diaper dermatitis is manifested only in one place, it is just a typical localization groin area and buttocks.
Proper care and hygiene are the main principles in the treatment of diaper dermatitis.The whole complex of measures in the care of the child is carried out in the following sequence: undress, substitution, dry and ventilated.
any child should unswathe immediately after emptying and carefully undercut.Increase the time of the adoption of air baths at room temperature for airing baby's skin.Such care will ensure a minimum time of contact irritants (urine or feces) with the skin of the child.Recommend undermine even healthy children every day, and without fail immediately after a bowel movement.
If the child begins to appear nappy rash, change diapers should be not less than 1 time in 3 hours (regardless of its "content").We need to use disposable diapers with a good absorbent layer.Such a sanitary element will help reduce the time and area of contact with skin irritants grudnichka.
should not be much to dress children as overheating causes increased sweating, and sweat can also provoke the development of inflammation.
Further therapeutic measures depend on the extent of skin lesions.
methods of therapy is not complicated forms of dermatitis
If cracks and peeling, place of injury was treated with creams or ointments healing, they help enhance tissue regeneration, which promotes healing.
to successfully treat diaper dermatitis, apply creams, which include zinc oxide.These creams have a softening effect, anti-inflammatory effects on the affected skin and promote healing of wounds.Excellent proven means:
- Drapolen.This cream softens and moisturizes the skin.It has disinfectant properties.It is used for preventive purposes, forming a protective film.
- Bepanten.It softens the skin and stimulates the regeneration processes.Its constituent chlorhexidine has a disinfecting effect.
- Baneotsin.This powder for external use is indicated for bacterial infection accessions to the inflammatory process.
- Dexpanthenol (D-panthenol).It promotes healing of skin and reduces the intensity of inflammatory processes.
- Desitin.Included in the zinc oxide has a tightening effect and prevents exposure irritants.
Diaper dermatitis in its development mechanism does not have an allergic component, so it does not require treatment antihistamines (allergy funds).
Therapy for diaper dermatitis complicated
If the center of inflammation is, soak for treatment apply powder or ointment having a drying effect.For these purposes apply powder containing zinc oxide.If dermatitis complicated by secondary infection by microbes or fungi, for its treatment used special ointment.
developing in a supportive environment fungi Candida provoke Candida diaper dermatitis.For the treatment of fungal infections are excellent: ketoconazole, clotrimazole, Batrafen, miconazole and ciclopirox.These ointments are applied to the affected pockets to 3 times a day.
dermatitis complicated by candidiasis, treat these ointments at least a month, even in cases where the symptoms of the disease had completely disappeared.Such measures are needed therapy to prevent recurrence of infection.When Candida infections are not used to treat children's hormones because their use can significantly aggravate the disease.
diaper dermatitis sick adults
Diaper dermatitis can also affect adults.This disease can occur in bedridden patients, who do not control the processes of urination and defecation.The mechanism of development and the disease symptoms are the same as that of children.Particularly vulnerable to the appearance of inflammation elderly.Aging slows the regeneration (recovery) of the skin, which stimulates the development of inflammatory foci.
may provoke nappy rash and excessive consumption of foods with a variety of digestive enzymes.An excess of these substances excreted in the feces, they can affect the skin in the area of the anus.Very often in the background of diaper dermatitis and pressure sores are formed.
dermatitis Treatment folk methods
Diaper dermatitis with mild symptoms symptoms can be successfully treated folk methods.For washing the skin effectively act medicinal baths.
brewing recommend the use of such means of oak bark, leaves succession, chamomile flowers.The active ingredients of herbs have excellent anti-inflammatory effects and well dried skin.For the preparation of the infusion should take 50g of herbal and fill a thermos cup of boiling water.After insisting for half an hour, strain the broth cooked.Such an agent is added to the tub for bathing.
- Broth oats.
For the treatment of dermatitis using a decoction of oats.To make it a glass of oat grains are boiled for half an hour in a liter of water.After cooling, the broth is filtered and used as a means of wiping
When an inflammation on the skin, be sure to consult with a specialist.Hygiene, good care and adequate treatment measures could protect against acts of diaper dermatitis.