Interdigital dermatitis - a skin lesion interphalangeal finger spacing of the upper and lower extremities.More often allergic and fungal origin.It occurs in different age categories.
Interdigital dermatitis arising from hypersensitivity to any substance that is divided into two types:
- atopic atopic dermatitis;
- allergic contact dermatitis.
main difference between these two types of the disease is that neurodermatitis specific reason usually can not be established, and allergic contact dermatitis when it lies on the surface.
content of the article:
- Atopic neurodermatitis
- Possible causes disease
- contact allergic dermatitis
- clinical picture
- treatment of interdigital dermatitis
neurodermatitis neurodermatitis in interphalangeal areas of the hands or toes appear numerous large vesicles.Their appearance is accompanied by severe itching and burning.Subsequently, spontaneous bubbles burst, leaving a moist crust and painful cracks.And in their p
Possible causes disease
Causes of neurodermatitis is in interphalangeal areas are the same as the appearance of the disease in general.
It can be:
- genetic predisposition;
- disorders of the nervous system, constant psycho-emotional stress, prolonged depression;
- unbalanced diet;
- violation of the gastrointestinal tract;
- poisoning toxins;
- nesanirovannyh presence of foci of infection in the body.
atopic dermatitis often occurs in adults, childhood observed over the diathesis and atopic dermatitis.
contact allergic dermatitis
clinical picture in this type of skin inflammation interphalangeal space is the same as with neurodermatitis this area.The decisive moment of diagnosis becomes history, in which there are indications in constant contact with irritants.
frequent manifestations of this type of dermatitis beginning at the contact surface of the epidermis with a wedding ring, from interdigital spaces.Then the rash spreads to the entire area of skin between the fingers, and in severe cases - the entire brush.Inflammation of the skin
interphalangeal area of fungal origin
fungal interdigital dermatitis caused by the genus Candida, because of what is known as candidiasis.The most frequent localization of this inflammation - the gap between the third and fourth fingers of the hands.The interphalangeal areas on the toes it occurs much less frequently.
disease occurs when the Candida fungus infection from an infected person or carrier both in direct contact and through objects.Risk group health care workers and people whose body is weakened by long illness (somatic, cancer, trauma, viral) and beriberi.
It is also believed that the introduction and propagation of candida on the surface of the epidermis, should be reduced protective functions of the latter.This can occur during prolonged contact with aggressive substances, water, the presence of small skin lesions and permanent hyperhidrosis.
The disease begins with the appearance of rare, single, vesicles on the surface of the epidermis in contact with each other main phalanges of the hands or feet.The second step is the swelling of the skin on the transitional interdigital fold.It becomes whitish, with a bluish tinge, color, and begins macerated.At the same time the focus of inflammation has clearly defined boundaries.
the third step in this area is formed dark cherry wet erosion from shiny, smooth surface, in the depths of which there may be numerous cracks.
Subjective feelings are reduced to a strong, incessant itching, rarely - a burning sensation and pain.
treatment of interdigital dermatitis
in contact allergic inflammation of the skin between the toes therapy begins with eliminating the influence of a provoking factor.If necessary, designate antiallergic preparations for internal use and topical corticosteroid ointment.
Treatment of neurodermatitis interphalangeal periods more difficult and long-lasting:
- if the cause is found, it, as far as possible, eliminate;
- appoint strict hypoallergenic diet.
This prescribed the ingestion of drugs of the following pharmacological groups:
For topical use:
- based ointment corticosteroids;
- antibacterial creams and ointments;
- anti baths and lotions.
also atopic dermatitis respond well to treatment with ultraviolet light.
Treatment of candidiasis interphalangeal area begins with the application of topical antifungal agents.In more severe cases may antifungal agents inside.During treatment required vitamins and, if indicated, immunomodulators.