acute dermatitis during pregnancy in the first or third trimester, which are critical for this disease.Most involved in the process the surface of the skin in the neck, elbows, abdomen and around the areola.Rash accompanied by itching, rising at night.
Dermatitis in pregnancy may act as an independent disease, but its symptoms can be signs of systemic distress in the body, for example, toxicity or cholestasis.In addition, it is believed that in most cases the disease is psychological.
content of the article:
- Types of skin lesions during pregnancy
- Skin lesions around the mouth
- polymorphic dermatosis
- General advice on nutrition
- medical help
- prevention of the disease in the mother and baby
- Cutaneous lesions andbreastfeeding
Types of skin lesions during pregnancy
Dermatitis pregnant women divided into:
Accurate diagnosis can only dermatologist.The main reasons for the formation of dermatitis in pregnant women - reduced
Atopy: Classification by severity, for, prevention.
Atopic dermatitis - frequent changes in the skin of women during gestation.This condition is usually hereditary nature.
Dermatitis in pregnancy can occur in three forms.
Light: symptoms are mild.Observed rashes on the neck, elbow, in the popliteal area.Inflammatory elements are accompanied by a small swelling, pruritus, accruing at the end of the day.
average: the appearance of lesions on the face, thighs, chest, abdomen and back with severe itching;characterized by pigmentation of the skin around the eyes;hospital treatment.
Weight: usually occurs in patients who suffered from dermatitis before conception;worried about exhausting itching, disturbed sleep;inflammatory changes spread throughout the body.
requires immediate hospitalization.
What can be done to reduce the painful aggression?
- avoid contact with the allergen, if known;
- sure to ventilate the home, twice a day to do wet cleaning;
- away from home all flowering plants;
- when choosing bedding to give preference to artificial fillers;
- limit the use of household chemicals, cosmetics and perfumes;
- pour cold shower - the procedure reduces itching;
- completely abandon food allergens, as well as sharp, savory, smoked, spices, marinades;
- select clothes from cotton and linen fabrics.Polyester, wool, nylon increase itching.
Skin lesions around the mouth
Often during pregnancy rashes appear as small pustules on the lips, chin, with the transition to the cheeks and eyes.The rash is accompanied by severe itching and burning.In the field of inflammatory changes on the face may appear pigmented lesions.So manifested perioral dermatitis.The cause may be hormonal factors, the use of some cosmetics and medicines, diseases of the digestive organs, and others.
During pregnancy, perioral dermatitis is not a threat.Often the skin symptoms disappear after birth.
During the first trimester of pregnancy in the III may be concerned about itching of varying intensity in the abdominal area.This is also called dermatitis pregnant dermatozomilitoksicheskoy polymorphic erythema, and develops due to the increased weight of the growing fetus.It manifested blyashkovidnymi rashes and constant itching.In rare cases, the rash appears on the skin of the hands and feet.For maternal and child health is not dangerous and takes place spontaneously after delivery.Treatment of toxic erythema is to appoint a sedative herbs: motherwort, valerian, hawthorn.
General advice on nutrition
Dermatitis in pregnancy requires adherence to a rigid diet.To prevent the development of skin changes in the newborn should refrain from the consumption of a range of products not only during gestation, and during lactation.Otherwise, the baby in the womb will be exposed to the powerful influence of food allergens.
In mild form of the disease exclude from the menu horsemeat, lamb, cucumbers, bananas, squash, turnips, pumpkin, white currant, watermelon, cherries and gooseberries.
At the stage of moderate severity are contraindicated: pork, turkey, red currants, peaches, apricots, cranberries, peas, green peppers, corn.
In severe dermatitis prohibited: black currant, citrus, honey, strawberry, strawberry, cow's milk, red and white fish, seafood, mushrooms, chicken, eggs, tomatoes, nuts, coffee, mustard, cocoa and chocolate.
nutritional treatment includes the use of kefir, yogurt, cottage cheese and low-fat cheese, butter, cereals.The source of valuable protein can be beef, rabbit, turkey.Showing vegetable salads with various herbs.It is necessary to drink plenty of fluids: fruit drinks, teas, pure drinking water.
important to remember that willfully treat dermatitis during pregnancy is not allowed, because not all drugs are harmless to the fetus.Only a specialist, having assessed all the symptoms and characteristics of the course, can detect allergen appoint competent treatment in the form of ointments, pastes, boltushek outdoor primeneniya.Vospalёnnaya skin after treatment dries, disinfects, reduces itching.
prevention of the disease in the mother and child
Dermatitis in pregnancy occurs in response to exposure to a variety of allergens: pollen, cosmetics, hair, food.Given the hereditary diseases, even in the planning stage of the child, it is important to consult with an allergist or immunologist.Together with a specialist will be taken preventive measures to reduce the likelihood of developing the disease.Formation of atopy in a child depends on the presence of the disease during pregnancy the mother.
Cutaneous lesions and breast-feeding
With the development of inflammatory processes in the skin during lactation, it is important to remember that almost all drugs are in breast milk.If originated dermatitis in nursing mothers, the treatment must necessarily begin with dietary measures.This is due to the fact that food and milk allergen enters the body baby, initiating the development of dermatitis.The child buttocks, cheeks takes on a reddish hue, hairy part of the head covered with greasy white - yellow scales.On the face of acts "cradle cap" - a yellowish crust.
Malnutrition mother is extremely dangerous because the newborn provokes not only inflammatory changes in the skin, and disorders of the digestive organs.