- types of disease
- rare form of the disease Inflammation of the blood vessels
artery - an inflammatory disease of the arteries, and it can happen in any such vessel.At this serious disease and there are two more titles - vasculitis, and vasculitis.But the name does not change the meaning of the disease.
types of disease
most typical view of temporal arteritis is .If this disease is not treated in time to start and allow it moved into a chronic form, it threatens the complete loss of vision.This most often affects large and medium arteries.Basically, the process involves inflammation of blood vessels, which are located in the temples, the spine and the eyes.
main symptom of temporal arteritis - a sharp and throbbing pain in the temple from destruction.As a rule, the disease affects people of middle and old age, but they are rarely associated with such pain is inflammation of the blood vessels.There may be discomfort, poor appetite, drooping eyelids eye on the
second title this sounds like a serious disease giant cell arteritis .In some cases, it is also called, and Horton's syndrome - by the name of the person who first described the condition.
start to treat temporal arteritis should be the first day of diagnosis.In order to prevent loss of vision or develop a stroke - but this is another serious complication of the disease, it is necessary to start taking high doses of corticosteroids.Treatment should be administered as soon as possible, the only way to save the man's life.
drug of choice in the first stage is prednisone.The dose is typically 50 - 60 mg of the drug per day.This amount of medication divided into three stages.Each dose should be taken only after a meal - it's usually after breakfast, lunch and dinner.This dose prednisolone remains unchanged throughout the whole month of treatment, and only then begin to slowly reduce it.The basic calculation here is - hormone therapy should be reduced for 10 - 12 months.Correctly calculate it can only be experienced.
This treatment gives fast and long-term effects after just a few days from the start of treatment: reduced temperature passes headache and fatigue starts to decrease ESR, and other blood parameters are aligned.However, in some cases it may happen that the initial dose of 60 mg is not effective, so it was increased to 80, and in some cases up to 90 mg.If there is a risk of complications, the treatment strategy here is - on the first day after the diagnosis of intravenous methylprednisolone 1 g once, and then conduct further tablets of prednisolone therapy.
rare form of the disease
If temporal arteritis is very common, it is a disease, such as Takayasu's arteritis - a very rare.This disease is characterized by facial artery arteritis.
Most disease affects the aortic branches that are in the hands of, or major blood vessels that lead to the brain.Several less affected vessels that carry blood to the heart, intestines and kidneys.More rarely involved in the inflammatory process of the vessels that supply blood to the legs.The main cause of death in this type of inflammation - a stroke or severe heart failure.
- weakness in the hands.
Most often this disease affects people under 30 years old and mostly it affects women.After 50 years, it does not occur.It is treated with corticosteroids, and the main drug is prednisone.
vascular inflammation feet
lower limb arteries - is a disease that is most common in smokers and in those who lead a sedentary lifestyle .The main symptom - pain in the legs, which is especially strongly manifests itself after long walking.With the development of human diseases it becomes impossible to pass even a short distance.There is a lowering of the temperature in the extremities.Often, the temperature of the legs and common body temperature can vary a few degrees.
man constantly feels chill in the legs and does not tolerate low body temperature.Often, it can not save even woolen socks and warm boots - his legs still freeze.In addition, in the affected limbs marked slow growth of nails and hair loss.
treatment of this serious disease is appointed strictly individually, depending on the degree of vascular lesions.Typically, such treatment involves a list of drugs - aspirin, aktovegin, chimes, pentoxifylline, komplamin and others.All appointments should be made only after a doctor confirm the diagnosis.