- Signs stretching
sprain of the knee joint, the treatment of which will be considered in this article, is a fairly common injury, which affects mainly the athletes.Typically, this damage occurs when excessive load on the joint, because of which the ligaments can stretch or tear (partial - tear ligaments or completely - torn ligaments).
main objective of ligaments in this case - to be a kind of unifying link that connects the tibia and femur.This ligament perform rather complicated task - they must simultaneously ensure the stability of the knee joint, and its mobility, provide an opportunity to squat, rotate and move at all ... cause of injury of the ligaments are usually exercise and sports injuries.
What are the causes of these injuries?
The most common cause is an abnormal stretching of the knee movement.Most often this happens in sports when a person needs to quickly bend your knees to work with more weight, run a sharp stops and frequent change of
in powerlifting and bodybuilding are usually the cause of excessive tensile load, and in football and hockey, most often the cause of such damages is not an instantaneous load, and blows to the knee.
What are the signs of the emergence of such injuries?
sprain of the knee has symptoms that are characteristic of similar injuries to other joints.Thus, the earliest and most visible manifestation of this injury is severe pain.It is a symptom of this is the main hallmark of sprains - tensile muscle fiber pain appear much later.This is due to the fact that in themselves are bundles of many vessels and nerve endings that are injured or broken when stretched, causing the appearance of severe pain and haematomas.In some cases, the pain does not appear immediately, but after 20-30 minutes, growing slowly, but it is only for minor sprains.Also characteristic is the strengthening of pain at loads on the damaged joint and its palpation.
One quite characteristic manifestations of this damage is the appearance of a kind of "crunch" and painful clicks that a person feels when driving.The appearance of swelling and edema - as one of the "mandatory" manifestations of trauma, but it is not immediately as a hematoma.
also very visible sign of injury - a violation of joint mobility.Normally it comes to curtail or impede the movements of the joint, which is directly linked with pain and edema formation.For serious injuries (tears or ligament tears) may experience excessive mobility "looseness" of the joint.This is due to the fact that the damaged ligament can no longer fully perform its main function - to keep the joint in its natural position and limit its mobility within the normal range.
How to treat this injury?
sprain on his leg and knee ligament in particular - is complex trauma, while in some cases it is difficult to treat because of the inability to ensure that the joint peace adequately.Because treatment is almost always starts with a rest in the first few days after receiving damage.That's when the joint is necessary to ensure peace and the ability to properly recover.When you stretch the mild treatment of all these can be limited to a few days of rest, after which it will be possible to do physical therapy to help restore the normal functioning of joints, strengthening ligaments.If necessary, may be appointed as massages and wearing a bandage that prevent the development of "looseness" of the joint.
But in any case, you should take into account the rules of first aid in trauma - their implementation will facilitate further treatment and accelerate recovery.Thus, the first requirement is the removal of a diseased joint and ligament load.For this man is better to lie down, and a few days later not load joint - rest will quickly get rid of the swelling and promotes a speedy recovery.
One of the most important first aid measures are cold compresses, which are usually made of crushed ice, wrapped in a plastic bag or cloth.Cold leads to a narrowing of blood vessels which helps prevent the development of edema and reduces the size of the hematoma.With the same purpose recommended for some time to raise and keep your foot above heart level - it also reduces blood flow to the foot, which helps to reduce swelling.Cold compresses are usually used only in the first days after the injury, and need 2-3 days already warm compresses, which will help to improve blood circulation, reduce swelling and bruising.
In some cases, to reduce pain and inflammation used NSAIDs.The use of such resources is quite possible, but one must understand that in this case, the disappearance of the pain does not speak of recovery - this is only a temporary effect of the medication. big mistake would be to actively move or work under the influence of NSAIDs - this will lead to further injury to the already damaged ligaments.
But how to treat a sprain knee, if the situation still requires movement (in the home, or need to go to work)?In this case, to the aid of such trivial tools like stick and crutches and brace.Brace is one of the most popular means, but it is also the most useless - it really protects the sore knee from unnecessary movements, but does not remove from the joint and ligament strain, in the early days of treatment is necessary.The wand in this case is much more efficient because it allows a little load off the affected joint, and the most effective option are just crutches.However, some of the athletes Mulock even at moderate injury agrees to such measures, preferring to do cane or brace - a trauma still overgrown, though a little longer.