- Causes of
Spondiloptoz - a disease of the spine, at which the displacement of one or more vertebrae forward or backward relative to the normal axisspine.The disease may begin to manifest itself at any age, but he always has a prior cause and, as a rule, low back pain and herniated disc.Ill spondiloptozom equally often, men and women.In most cases the disease is diagnosed in the lumbar region.
Adrift disease can be divided into four stages.In the first step the patient does not show any complaints.Only with prolonged sitting or torso may experience pain in the affected area.At the second stage, the pain may occur at rest, but this is relatively rare, but when there is a growing movement symptoms.
At the third stage, the naked eye can see a change in posture.The patient is now concerned not only pain, but also the limited mobility in his back.As a complication can develop paresis, paralysis, in most cases - incontinence and u
Due to constant severe pain people almost always takes painkillers.At the same time he develops a special gait in which the legs constantly bent at the knees and the chest or abdomen bulge strongly forward.
displacement of the vertebrae with this disease do not happen just like that.The main reasons can be considered such diseases and conditions as:
- degenerative processes in cartilage.
- Congenital malformations of the vertebrae.
- Tumors back.
- for sports at a professional level for a long time.
- spine injury, including fracture, dislocation of vertebrae, ligaments tampering.
- Hereditary predisposition.
Symptoms The symptoms will depend on what kind of structure will be involved in the pathological process, and it may be the nerves, blood vessels or the spinal cord.But the most common complaint is precisely the pain, the severity of which depends on the duration and severity of the disease.Thus it can give to the other areas of the body that depends on the location of offset.
If the nerves are involved, then there are complaints of numbness of the skin at the site of their innervation.There may come a paresis or paralysis of the limbs, is a weakness throughout the body or only in certain areas.Other signs of pathology include drowsiness, fatigue, tingling in the arms and legs.
All these signs can be considered common.However, the specific symptoms depend on the affected area.For example, with the defeat of the cervical to the fore such complaints as:
- pain in the head.
When spondiloptoze in thoracic main complaints are to:
- shortness of breath and cough.
- suffocation that occurs attacks.
- pain near the liver, gall bladder and kidney.
If there is a loss in the lumbar region or sacrum, here to the fore such pathological symptoms like constipation or diarrhea and striping, swelling in the legs, incontinence, and the development of hemorrhoids.However, if spondiloptoz diagnosed in women, there often arise miscarriages, and men have problems with potency.
Treatment In the early stages is assigned to conservative treatment, which includes the appointment of NSAIDs and the introduction of epidural space hormones.As an additional means of therapy can be used as massage, chiropractic, physical therapy, acupuncture.
If conservative treatment fails, and the disease continues to progress rapidly, the operation is conducted, the purpose of which - to fix the affected vertebrae in the only correct position for him.After that comes the recovery period, which can last from a couple of months to a year.