Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent) is otherwise called "diabetic elderly", as it often occurs in people older than 40 years, and in each successive age group, the prevalence of this disease increases markedly.Most patients with this type of diabetes - people over 55 years and all around the globe, more than 160 million people suffer from diabetes.And this number is constantly growing: since 2025 it is expected to reach 320 million.
It type 2 diabetes has in mind when talking about diabetes, how about another "epidemic» XX (and now the XXI) century.
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rare form of diabetes
Insulinopatiya .This condition is associated with the defective gene, which "triggers" synthesis "wrong" insulin - is unable to properly communicate with the insulin receptors.Thus administering to insulin causes normal variation in the blood sugar level.
Type 2 diabetes in young people .This is a hereditary disease tha
Type 2 diabetes as a consequence of the defeat of the pancreas .Often, type 2 diabetes develops in patients with chronic pancreatitis, especially in alcohol abusers.
Diabetes due to malnutrition .In developing countries (in Asia, Africa, the Caribbean) is very common diabetes in young people suffering from severe protein deficiency and malnutrition.
diabetes associated with other endocrine diseases . Diabetes sometimes a secondary manifestation of diseases such as Cushing's syndrome (excess production of corticosteroids by the adrenal glands), acromegaly (excessive secretion of growth hormone by the pituitary gland), pheochromocytoma (a tumor that develops from chromaffin cells of the adrenal glands), glucagonoma (a tumor that produces a hormone glucagon -"antipode" of insulin), increased production of aldosterone by the adrenal glands.The frequency of type 2 diabetes increased among people suffering from autoimmune endocrine diseases - diffuse toxic goiter (Graves 'disease or Graves' disease), Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Addison's disease.
Lipoatrofichesky diabetes .This is an extremely rare condition, which is associated with extensive or almost complete disappearance of subcutaneous fat.
diabetes due to consumption of certain poisons .There are substances that have a toxic effect is on the beta cells of the pancreas (such as some funds for rodent).If a person uses a substance in order to suicide, but still survives, then he developed diabetes, and insulin.