Diabetes can affect your eye health - in fact, it is the main cause of blindness.Fortunately, the majority of eye health problems can be prevented or controlled with treatment.
common complication of eye
People with diabetes have a higher risk of certain eye diseases .These include:
- Glaucoma : increased pressure in the eye that can eventually lead to blindness.The pressure compresses the blood vessels that carry blood to the optic nerve and retina.In glaucoma, vision is lost gradually as damage to the optic nerve and retina.Access to medicines or surgery in the best clinics - details on the website bookimed.com , to treat the problem of eye health.If you have diabetes, you are 40 percent more likely to develop glaucoma than people who do not have diabetes.
- Cataract : cloudiness in the lens of the eye, prevents the penetration of light to the retina, which is important for you to see properly.People with diabetes are 60 percent more likely to develop cataracts.They also tend to develop cata
- Diabetic retinopathy : violation of the retina, in particular, caused by diabetes.There are two forms of diabetic retinopathy:
- Nonproliferative retinopathy .This is the most common type of retinopathy.If you have this disease, the capillaries (tiny blood vessels) in the back of the eye begin to expand, forming bags.State begins softly, but can progress to moderate or severe forms, as more vessels blocked.Blindness does not usually occur in this type of retinopathy, but the liquid may leak into the macula - part of the eye that helps you focus your vision.If this occurs, a condition called macular edema;your vision becomes blurred, or you can go blind.There is no typical treatment of non-proliferative retinopathy, macular edema but can be treated to prevent further vision loss.
- proliferative retinopathy .This form of retinopathy occurs in some people when nonproliferative retinopathy progresses to a more serious condition.Blood vessels become damaged enough to get close.Your body responds by growing new blood vessels, but they tend to be weak and leaky.The blood that flows through the vessels, may block your vision - a condition known as vitreous hemorrhage.New blood vessels can also develop the growth of scar tissue, which ultimately compressed, pushing the retina of the situation, and leading to a condition called retinal detachment.All this can happen even before you notice vision problems.
How to maintain eye health
Several factors are included in your risk of developing eye disease when you have diabetes.Controlling blood glucose, blood pressure control, your genetic structure, and the time during which you're diabetes play.While you can not control all these factors, one thing you can do is get a regular eye exam and maintain eye health.
Here are the steps that can help prevent health problems Eye related to diabetes:
- No smoking .
- Inspect eyes every year, including the expansion of the pupil to the ophthalmologist can examine the back of the eye.
- If you are planning to become pregnant, ask whether you have an eye examination.If you are already pregnant and have diabetes, you are sure to make an appointment with an ophthalmologist during the first trimester.
- regularly monitor the level of blood glucose and blood pressure and keep them within the target range.
- tell the ophthalmologist that you have diabetes and ask to check your eyes for signs of glaucoma and cataracts.
Your best defense against health problems eyes, keep your diabetes under control with good management plan that includes a regular eye examination.