Tooth decay and gum disease When you have diabetes , high blood sugar can damage your body - including your teeth and gums.This can be avoided, everything is in your hands.Take responsibility for the condition of their teeth.

Tooth decay and gum disease

Whether you have type 1 diabetes , or type 2 diabetes , control your blood sugar is a key task.The higher the level of glucose in the blood, the higher the risk:

  • Tooth decay.Oral cavity contains many types of bacteria.When the starch and sugar in food and drinks react with these bacteria on the teeth it forms a sticky slimy plaque that leads to the formation of tartar.The acid in the tartar decomposed solid, the outer surface of your teeth (enamel).This can lead to tooth decay. The higher the level of blood sugar , the greater the supply of sugar and starch - and more acid damage to your teeth.
  • gingival inflammation at early stage (gingivitis).Diabetes reduces the body's ability to fight bacteria that can cause more to grow mucous plaque on the teeth.If you do not re
    move plaque regular cleaning, it is converted into a substance called a stone.The longer tartar on the teeth, the more it irritates the gums - a part of the gum around the base of the tooth.Over time, the gums become swollen and bleed easily.It - gingivitis.
  • progressive gum disease (periodontitis) .Ostavlenny not cured gingivitis can lead to more serious infection, called periodontitis, which destroys the soft tissue and bone that support your teeth.Ultimately it causes periodontitis gingiva separate from your teeth, whereby the teeth are weakened and even fall.Periodontitis tends to be more severe in people who have diabetes, because diabetes reduces the ability to resist infection and slows healing.Infection, such as periodontitis may also cause blood sugar levels to rise, which makes your diabetes more difficult to manage.Prevention and treatment of periodontitis will help improve control of blood sugar.

Caring for teeth

Brush at least twice a day To help prevent damage to your teeth and gums, treat diabetes and dental care seriously:

  • Make a commitment to manage your diabetes.Monitor your blood sugar levels and follow the instructions of your doctor to keep your blood sugar level within your target range.The better you control the level of sugar in the blood, the less likely you are sick gingivitis and other dental diseases.
  • Brush at least twice a day.Cleaning brush in the morning, at night and ideally after meals and snacks.Use a soft bristled toothbrush and a toothpaste that contains fluoride.Avoid vigorous scrubbing or sharp, which can irritate the gums.Consider using an electric toothbrush, especially if you have arthritis or other problems that interfere with brushing your teeth well.
  • Brushing dental floss at least once per day.Flossing helps to remove plaque between teeth.
  • Schedule regular visits to the dentist.Visit your dentist at least twice a year for professional cleanings by stones and treatment of dental caries.Remind your dentist you have diabetes .To prevent low blood sugar during dental work, or have a bite to eat before visiting the dentist.
  • Watch for early signs of gum disease.Report any symptoms of gum disease - including redness, swollen and bleeding gums - to your dentist.Also visit the dentist for any other signs of oral disease and dental pain.
  • quit.Smoking increases the risk of serious diabetes complications, including inflammation of the gums.Quit smoking.

control diabetes - a lifetime commitment, and this includes care of the teeth.Your efforts will be rewarded with a lifetime of healthy teeth and gums.

Tags: gum disease, tooth decay