type II diabetes, also known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus - a chronic disease that affects the metabolism of sugar in the body.Individual cells in the pancreas still produce insulin (in an amount much smaller than usual).The role of this hormone is the transport of certain nutrients to the various tissues of the body.However, inexplicable cells are resistant to the action of insulin.Consequently, sugar (glucose) can not get to them, and accumulate in the blood.

Symptoms Early symptoms the disease is very difficult to notice.It is estimated that one in three people are unaware that they are sick of this disease.However, a high concentration of long-term blood sugar over time can cause symptoms that have bothered: the constant thirst, frequent urination, sudden decrease or increase in weight for no apparent reason, headaches and constant fatigue, prolonged infections (especially skinrespiratory tract), sexual dysfunction.

Risk Factors

Type 2 diabetes

  • Overweight (cells in the body become more resis
    tant to insulin).
  • distribution of fat (if the fat accumulates mainly in the abdomen, are more susceptible to illness).
  • lack of physical activity (exercise will help to correct the distribution of glucose in the body).
  • Heredity (increased risk in people whose relatives have diabetes).
  • Age (the probability of the risk increases after 45 years because of the tendency to gain weight).
  • Prediabetes (when blood glucose levels are above normal but not yet diabetes - a condition can not be ignored, as this may lead to the development of the disease).
  • Gestational diabetes (developing diabetes during pregnancy or childbirth).
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Possible complications of diabetes

  • Diseases of the heart and blood vessels (ischemia, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, narrowing of the arteries, high blood pressure, stroke).
  • Diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage, especially in the lower limbs).
  • Erectile Dysfunction.
  • hearing loss.
  • Nephropathy (kidney disease).
  • Diabetic retinopathy (a condition involving damage to blood vessels in the retina can lead to blindness).
  • Nerve damage in the feet (in extreme cases, can mean amputation).
  • skin diseases.

diagnosis

diagnosis requires laboratory testing of blood.The content of the study of glycated hemoglobin, which is closely associated with glucose.This gives an idea of ‚Äč‚Äčaverage blood sugar levels, which remained in the blood for the last 2-3 months.Further analyzes need to zdat fasting glucose.

Treatment Treatment of Type II diabetes includes maintaining a healthy diet and systematic physical activity, blood glucose control and, if necessary - insulin.

For patients with type II diabetes it is important to pay special attention to diet low in fat and high in fiber.It is necessary to restrict the products of animal origin, carbohydrates and sweets.Useful in the treatment of diabetic diet with a low glycemic index, which measures how quickly a dish increases the level of glucose in the blood.It helps stabilize foods with a low GI.

Prevention

most important factor that affects the reduction in the risk of disease is a healthy lifestyle.It includes a diabetic diet and active lifestyle.It is important to maintain a normal body weight.Weight reduction of 7% has effectively reduced the risk of disease.Diabetic diet should be low in carbohydrates, sugar and unhealthy fats.Those who are at a higher risk (ie. Those who had prediabetes) can take medication to reduce it, but it does not obviate the need to take care of diet and physical activity.

Tags: age, diagnosis, overweight, treatment, heredity