Parents of children at risk for diabetes , should be especially careful to notice the warning signs.
Diabetes mellitus type 1 usually begins acutely.In most cases the onset of the disease can be determined with an accuracy of up to a week or more days.However, the very first manifestations of children depend on the age, so parents need to know what to look for.In general, the older the child, the easier it is to notice the first symptoms of the disease.The most important and specific ones - it increased urination and thirst.
Infants diabetes develops quite rare, but it happens.While the child is quite small, young mother may miss symptoms such as "often, and urinating a lot" or "guzzles".However, some things are hard to miss, for example, that on the floor at the spot where the hit urine remains sticky spot;or filthy diaper urine after drying looks like a starched, and sometimes it can be seen, and sugar crystals.
necessary to examine the child and if he is not gaining (or, moreover, loses) in weight - the reason for this is not necessarily the diabetes, but, unfortunately, in any case, the reason may be serious.Diabetes may be suspected if poor weight gain is combined with dryness of the skin and mucous membranes, with almost constant intertrigo in the inguinal folds.
The child "toddlers" - 1-2 years - symptoms more clearly.However, there is not always possible to estimate what it means "a lot of drinking and a lot of peeing."Of course, if the baby drinks per day 4-5 liters of water, it is almost certainly indicative of diabetes;but 1.5-2 liter - this is "a lot" or even "not really"?After fluid needs vary from person to person, and children and adults.
However, diabetes is characterized by that the primary is increased urination, thirst and secondary.When blood sugar is raised, it enters into the urine and "drags" the water.The loss of huge amounts of water in the urine and causes the child was very thirsty.Closely observing the child, you can determine what is primary and what is secondary, if initially increased urination, thirst in addition there are other signs of dehydration - dry mouth, dryness and peeling of the skin, fatigue, drowsiness, irritability.
Note for particularly worried-mothers: as a drink for children often offer some juice (usually diluted), and if it is really like a child, that child will constantly require the horn, so you might get the impression that it has increasedthirst.In this case, replace at least a few days, a delicious juice with plain water - and if the baby is healthy, its need for fluid immediately reduced.
Such an indication of diabetes is bedwetting, as well as nocturnal thirst, "not working" in relation to young children, but it is an important sign of a possible diabetes in children of preschool and school-age children especially.Other symptoms also manifest themselves more clearly.Most of the children has been a dramatic weight loss, and against the background of a significant increase in appetite is sometimes weight loss of 10 kg in two weeks.A child eats a lot, but entering the body proteins are not used as "building material", particularly necessary during the period of growth, but as a source of energy - instead of carbohydrates.But sometimes appetite, on the contrary, reduced.
Typically, growing fatigue and weakness: first active, the child ceases to run, play outdoor games, gets tired at school, his performance falls.
Children school age the first signs indicating the possibility of diabetes, are often all sorts of skin and mucous membranes: abrasions, barley, stomatitis, eczema, pruritus (the same signs indirectly indicate type 2 diabetes in adults).There may be transient visual disturbances due to changes in the composition of the refractive media of the eye, as well as paresthesia - a feeling of "pins and needles" and so on. N.
For some time before the detection of diabetes, many children receive an increased craving for sweets.
appearance of the above symptoms in your child (or yourself) - an occasion to be examined for the presence of diabetes mellitus, especially because it is quite easy to do: it is necessary to donate blood "sugar."Ignore these symptoms are dangerous!Diabetes is not "held" by itself over time, it will only get worse and leads to the development of various complications.
And one of the most dangerous complications of insulin-dependent diabetes, is directly life-threatening, can develop in the very beginning of the disease.This is an acute complication - diabetic ketoacidosis and diabetic coma.