Information about diabetes Although diabetes was discovered back in the old days and the treatments tried starting from the Middle Ages, the pathogenesis of the disease has been studied and understood only in the 20th century.
Diabetes is considered the fifth leading cause of death in Russia.Almost twenty-one million people in the country, or 7% of the population who suffer from diabetes.However, it is estimated that only fifteen million have been diagnosed, while the rest of the patients do not know they have diabetes.

Worldwide, 246 million people have been diagnosed with diabetes.The number is expected to increase to 380 million by 2025 and to exceed 700 million patients by 2050 if the epidemic will spread to the same level.According to the World Health Organization (WHO), every year, seven million people are diagnosed with diabetes around the world, and every ten minutes, death occurs due to illness diabetes.

What happens to the sugar?

During digestion, food provides a wide range of components.Sugars include among t

he most important, and it is distributed in the bloodstream of tissue and organs.Most of the carbohydrates in the food converted into glucose, the main blood sugar .Cells use the insulin produced in the beta cells of the pancreas to generate energy from glucose.

How does it work?

• Deficit level insulin in the bloodstream - a fundamental health issue.In diabetes, the cells can not use insulin or pancreas unable to produce the required amounts of insulin.In many instances, the insulin produced by beta cells.In any case, glucose, which is obtained from the products remains unused.
• If sugar can not be digested, the amount of blood increases rapidly.This situation is called hyperglycemia, while the long term effect is terrible for human organs and systems.During hyperglycemia, the blood glucose level increased, whereas cells devoid of carbohydrate sharply.

diabetes symptoms and risk factors.

• Early symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination, intense thirst, hunger, fatigue, weight loss and blurred vision.In many cases, there are no signs at all.Over time, high blood glucose levels leads to progressive injury to nerves and blood vessels, promoting in turn to complications of diabetes , such as cardiovascular disease, vision problems , nephropathy, neuropathy, gingivitis, sexual disorders, gangrene and potential limb amputation.
• Factors that worsen the adverse effects of diabetes, smoking, high cholesterol levels long, hypertension , weight gain and a sedentary lifestyle.
Russian Diabetes Association (RDA) recommends to the population tested for diabetes at least every three years.


There is no cure for diabetes.The immediate objectives are to control blood glucose and to eliminate the effects of high blood sugar.Long-term goals of treatment is to prolong life, reduce symptoms and prevent complications, especially heart disease and kidney failure.In general, understanding and participation in the plan of treatment on behalf of the patient is vital because blood glucose level changes continuously.

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