Doctors know how type 1 diabetes manifests .Own immune system attacks and destroys the beta cells in the pancreas that are responsible for the creation of the hormone insulin.Without insulin, the body's cells are not capable of receiving and processing the glucose from the bloodstream.Blood glucose level increases and if not controlled properly, over time it leads to the system and ultimately life-threatening damage throughout the body.

But doctors do not know why Type 1 diabetes occurs.Nobody has yet sure exactly what causes an autoimmune reaction that destroys the body's ability to create insulin.Top suggestions focused on a combination of genetic predisposition to diabetes, which is triggered by the unknown environmental factors.

Pancreas

Causes of diabetes: Genetics

researchers found a definite link between type 1 diabetes and genetic characteristics of the person.Some people are born with a tendency to develop type 1 diabetes.

However, type 1 diabetes is not a hereditary disease.Only some people wi

th a genetic predisposition to type 1 diabetes, will eventually receive it.For example, if a first-degree relative (parent, brother or sister) have it, the risk of type 1 diabetes have a 10 percent.Even identical twins, one twin has a risk of developing type 1 diabetes one in three if the other twin is already suffering the disease.

Type 1 diabetes has undergone significant growth in some European countries and the CIS.If type 1 diabetes develops only as a result of genetics, the researchers say, is on the increase of cases take at least 400 years.Since the genetic factors can not predict the development of diabetes, other factors must be involved.

Causes of diabetes: environment

Some researchers believe that viral infection may trigger type 1 diabetes in people who are genetically vulnerable to the disease.In this case, the virus produces a viral protein similar to the protein insulin-producing beta cells.The immune system deceived by this similarity to attack the beta cells of the pancreas, as well as a virus.Intestinal virus, so-called because they are associated with human excrement and attack the intestines, causing vomiting or diarrhea, they are under particular scrutiny as the potential cause of type 1 diabetes.

Other researchers believe that the trigger for the development of diabetes, is a sort of toxin in the environment.One theory blames the study of toxic bacteria in the soil.According to this theory, the bacteria infect vegetables, which are then eaten by people are genetically predisposed to type 1 diabetes.Toxins attacking the beta cells of the pancreas and produce an autoimmune response, which is also aimed at the beta cells.

Autoimmune diseases

Patients with type 1 diabetes often suffer from other autoimmune problems such as thyroid disease or celiac disease.Thyroid disorders cause the body to use energy more or less quickly than it should, while celiac disease causes the immune system to attack the mucous membrane of the small intestine when a person consumes gluten, a protein found in wheat and other grains.Currently, scientists are studying how the presence of other autoimmune disorders may increase the risk of type 1 diabetes.

Obviously, there is much more of what you need to know before the medical community will know the reasons and ultimately find a way to prevent type 1 diabetes.In the meantime, the best thing you can do is get early diagnosis and treatment plan to follow the right to live a normal and satisfying life as possible.

If you have type 1 diabetes, when and how did you know?Tell us in the comments!