Diet myocardial infarction
after myocardial infarction is important, with special attention to choose the diet.How should I eat to avoid a repeat disaster and possibly restore the healthy functioning of the heart?Tell us about this in our article.
Diet myocardial infarction provides split meals.The number of meals need to be increased to 6-7 times per day, while reducing the size of the portions.
also should be reduced caloric intake, since the bedrest uses less energy.Excessive intake of calories can cause weight gain and insomnia.
In the acute phase of the diet should be to completely eliminate the salt, as a result of its use in the body accumulate fluid and swelling occur, which adversely affects the work of the heart.To prevent the appearance of swelling and help decrease the amount of fluid in the diet - the day she should drink no more than 1.5 liters, including soups.
addition salt from the diet is necessary to exclude the following prod
majority of patients after a heart attack suffer lipid disorders, which is fraught with atherosclerotic lesions of vessels of the heart.To improve lipid metabolism necessary to minimize the consumption of animal fats and foods high in cholesterol.
In addition, patients are not recommended to use sugar that adversely affects blood clotting, as well as soft drinks, fresh bread and other foods that cause bloating.
products required in the diet
on the table every day should be foods high in potassium and magnesium - essential trace element necessary for normal heart function.Some of these products include prunes, dried apricots, raisins, beets, cabbage, nuts, beans, buckwheat and citrus.
Diet myocardial infarction includes three periods, corresponding to the stages of recovery rights.
duration of the first period of 10-14 days after the onset of the disease.During this period, the food should be small meals every 2-3 hours.Just a day should be 7 meals.Of the products permitted vegetable broths and soups, liquid cereal, low-fat dairy products, carrot juice.Salt is completely prohibited.
In the second period the list of allowed products include broth prunes, broth hips, low-fat cottage cheese, scrambled eggs, boiled fish and chicken, mashed cooked vegetables.
Finally, in the third period, which begins after the fourth week of the onset of the disease, the patient can gradually return to normal diet, while complying with all of the above recommendations.